President Erdoğan’s visit to the most developed former Soviet state in Central Asia marked a decisive shift towards building stronger economic and commercial ties as investments agreements worth $590 million were made and the institutional character of bilateral ties emphasized
Kazakhstan's national company Kazakh Invest and private Turkish companies, including Çalık Holding, Yıldırım Holding, Yıldızlar SSS Holding and Agrobest Group, made agreements together with the efforts of the Embassy of Kazakhstan in Ankara, the statement read.
The agreements cover a range of fields, including construction materials, machine production, energy, metallurgy and chemical manufacturing.
In a statement to the press following his meeting with Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan indicated that the current bilateral trade volume between Turkey and Kazakhstan hovers around $2 billion, which is inadequate, he added.
"Our goal is to increase this figure to $5 billion, because both Turkey and Kazakhstan have this potential," Erdoğan said.
Recalling that bilateral ties between the two countries were upgraded to the level of strategic partnership in 2009, the president said that relations were granted an institutional mechanism in 2012 by creating the High-Level Strategic Cooperation Council (HLSCC) in 2012, adding, "We attach great importance and priority to Kazakhstan in terms of economic and commercial collaboration in Central Asia."
The second meeting of HLSCC was held in April 2015 during another visit from President Erdoğan to the country. The next meeting will be held in 2018 during a visit from President Nazarbayev.
Highlighting the upward trend of the performance of Turkish companies in the country, Erdoğan emphasized that Turkish companies operating in Kazakhstan will hopefully accomplish bigger projects for the development of the country in the future.
In Kazakhstan, Turkish entrepreneurs operate primarily in the food sector, the pharmeceutical industry, construction, hotel management and manufacturing. The activities of Turkish companies have been growing in the construction sector too. Turkish construction companies in the country carried out projects worth $1.8 billion in 2013 and $1.9 billion in 2014. In 2015, 600 Turkish companies in Kazakhstan undertook projects worth a staggering $2.05 billion.
Turkey is the 17th largest investor In Kazakhstan, in terms of capital, and the fourth largest country in terms of investments, not including energy. Turkish companies provide employment for more than 15.000 people, according to data provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
According to data provided by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT), the amount of foreign direct investment (FDI) from Kazakhstan to Turkey stood at around $3 billion for the 2004-2016 period.
Turkey's investments in Kazakhstan reached $2.1 billion in total so far, with $925 million in the first half of 2017 alone, according to information provided by the Kazakhstan Prime Ministry.
Speaking at the press conference, Kazakh President Nazarbayev noted that both countries aim to further increase trade volume. The agreements between the two countries include 26 investment projects, he noted.
"We have agreed to benefit from Turkey's knowledge and experience in the sectors of textiles, food, mining, industry, construction, electronics, agriculture, and tourism," he said, noting that the Inter-Governmental Economic Commission will work on this point.
Pointing out that both Turkey and Kazakhstan are located on the Silk Road, Nazarbayev said Turkey has a highly developed infrastructure, which makes it an important transit country, calling for further cooperation to unleash the transportation potential of both countries as they are strategically located in the area of the One Belt One Road (OBOR) project launched by Chinese President Xi Jinping.
After the press conference, a number of protocol and memoranda of understanding were signed, including the Turkey-Kazakhstan Intergovernmental Joint Economic Commission 10th Term Meeting Protocol, the New Sinergy-Joint Economic Program, which was formed under the auspices of the Turkish and Kazakh presidencies, and the 2017-2020 Action Plan Protocol.
Kazakhstan aims to establish an improved transportation network to better integrate with the OBOR initiative. Previously, China and Kazakhstan had agreed to develop more international freight train services starting from China and going through Kazakhstan to Central Asia, Europe and the Gulf countries, effectively lowering logistic costs, making rail freight a major solution to trade between Asia and Europe by 2025.
To that end, Kazakhstan built a container port, the Khorgos Dry Port, which connects the country to China by rail at the border. The country sold a 49-percent stake of the port to two Chinese companies, China COSCO Shipping Corporation and Jiangsu Lianyungang Port Co, each of which own 24.5 percent.